Both children and adults can undergo orthodontic treatment. In most cases, however, results are better when treatment is started in childhood, instead of as an adult.
Different treatment methods can be applied depending on the type of malocclusion. In the case of adults, mainly fixed appliance therapy is used. Membrane treatment can be applied in easier cases.
Basic dental care
Basic dental care is a prerequisite for oral and dental wellbeing. Regular visits to the dentist create a stronger foundation for oral and dental health. You should have dental checkups regularly, even if you do not suffer from any symptoms. Checkups help detect any symptoms at an early stage. Thus, problems can be addressed before they grow and become harder to deal with.
A dentist can examine your teeth, gums and mucous membranes. If necessary, the examination may be supplemented with digital X-rays to obtain a more accurate and reliable understanding of the state of the patient’s teeth.
Periodontitis is a disease that affects the connective tissues surrounding the teeth.
Periodontitis is a chronic plaque-mediated inflammatory disease of the mouth that destroys gingival tissue, the fibers that attach the teeth to the bone, and the jawbone. Bacteria that accumulate in gingival pockets set off an inflammatory chain in which host response is of great importance. Gingival pockets become deeper creating an ideal environment for bacteria to propagate. If the infection is not treated, the affected tooth may start to move and even fall out. Periodontitis normally only affects individual teeth, but at worst it can damage a person’s entire dentition.
Oral hygiene services
Dental hygienists are experts in the promotion of oral health and the prevention of dental and oral diseases. Oral hygienists are responsible for maintaining their patients’ oral wellbeing and preventing gum problems. Oral hygienists also specialise in various methods of teeth cleaning and whitening.
TMJ and malocclusion
Malocclusion is a common but often temporary problem. It can cause dysfunction and pain in the teeth, muscles of mastication and jaw joints.
Typical symptoms include toothache and abrasion, neck and shoulder pain, headaches, difficulty opening the mouth, and clicking of jaw joints. Malocclusion can also cause cracking of the teeth. Malocclusion can be caused by many things. For example, stress can act as a trigger and it can cause grinding of the teeth. Some common diseases, such as rheumatism, can also be the reason behind malocclusion.
Malocclusion can be temporary and it does not always require treatment. Symptoms and teeth can be examined to determine whether the problem is caused by the masticatory muscles, jaw joints or both. Imaging techniques can also be deployed if necessary.
Treatment is aimed at reducing pain and recovering normal functioning. The first step in treatment is usually splint therapy. This reduces abrasion caused by the grinding of the teeth, strain on the masticatory muscles, and prevents the overburdening of the jaw joints. Splint therapy helps the masticatory muscles to relax. This treatment can be combined with masticatory massages carried out by the oral hygienist. In some cases, it may be necessary to smooth or balance the occlusion with plastic inserts, for example. Orthodontic or prosthetic treatment may also be required.
Dental surgery can be used for the surgical removal of teeth, surgical treatments for tumors in the oral area, and surgical treatments for various infections. The most common oral surgical procedures are difficult tooth extractions, implant and bone graft surgeries, root canal surgeries, so-called resections and soft and hard tissue biopsies. Most surgical procedures are short, so they are usually performed under local anesthesia.
Prosthetics are used to artificially replace missing teeth and soft tissues. Prosthetics also include repairing damaged teeth with dental crowns or laminates. The dental crown protects the tooth, thus improving its long-term prognosis. When a patient still has their own teeth, solid prosthetic solutions can be built to replace one or more teeth. Alternatives to prosthetics are, for example, dental implants, ceramic crowns, ceramic bridges or partial dentures. When a patient no longer has any of their own teeth left, a full prosthesis may be an option. In addition to correcting tooth defects, prosthetic treatment can also be used for correcting malocclusion and restoring balance to the dental arch. It can also be used to prevent any dental damage.
Teeth influence speech production, cheek and lip support, and the chewing of food. Missing teeth impair chewing ability and can cause a visual impact. This also usually causes a bite imbalance and teeth can wear out severely, especially if they are few in number. Thus, additional strain is placed on the remaining teeth.
Missing teeth can be replaced with dental implants. Implant treatment begins with a consultation visit, where the dental and oral situation of the patient is examined and different options are discussed. Any dental and oral infections should be treated before starting implant treatment. Before starting treatment, we take the necessary X-rays (usually a panoramic image).
Implant treatment normally requires five patient visits.
- Consultation visit
- Implant installation
- Implant exposure surgery about 3-6 months after the implant has been applied.
- Taking dental impressions about 2 weeks after the implant exposure surgery.
- Attachment of the completed implant crown approximately 2-4 weeks after dental impressions have been taken.
Patients are usually called in for a check-up approximately one year after the implant treatment has been completed.
We most commonly use Straumann or Astra Dentsply implants, but we also have instrumentation for the following systems; Brånemark, Replace, Xive, Medentika and 3i.
Dental care can be carried out under anesthesia if necessary. The most common reason for anesthesia is the patient’s fear of dental care. The patient reviews the conditions for sedation dentistry together with the attending dentist and anesthetist. As a rule, in sedation dentistry, all procedures are completed during one session.
The anesthetist and dentist will make sure that the patient stays asleep throughout the procedure. When the patient wakes up, they may feel a little drowsy. It is recommended that patients rest a little at the front desk under the watchful eye of the personnel before going home.
X-ray imaging may be used as part of the examination, diagnosis and treatment of teeth, jaws and jaw joints. Vitadent has digital imaging equipment that allows us to get X-rays on the screen quickly. In addition to digital devices, we also use panoramic X-ray imaging. Each panoramic image is interpreted by a dentist who specializes in X-ray diagnostics.